Greetings from the Director
    1. Purpose of the Medical Physics Academy
  • The medical physics academy was established to train outstanding scientists as qualified medical physicists and to promote clinical services and research in the field of medical physics. We provide systematic training programs, facilities, tools, professors, clinical data, and an educational environment to fulfill this goal.
    2. Admission requirements
  • A Ph.D. or equivalent in Medical Physics, Physics, Nuclear Engineering, or a relevant field.
    3. Details of the Medical Physics Academy
  • a) Training period
    The training lasts 2 years, after completion of the doctoral degree. In the 1st year, residents attend lectures and accumulate experience across all aspects of clinical radiotherapy. In the 2nd year, residents use their expertise as medical physicists to resolve clinical/physical cases encountered in the department under the guidance of a staff physicist. Residents attend clinical rotations of at least 11 months in the first year, and a total of 22 months during the 2-year training program. Clinical rotations can be performed in other affiliated hospitals for up to 3 months with permission from the Program Director.

    b) Professors
    Lectures on clinical radiation therapy physics, clinical radiation oncology, and radiation biology will be given by professors. Invited professors are arranged for selected topics, if necessary. The professors include at least two medical physicists (at least one is certified by the Korean Medical Physics Board), radiation oncologists, and radiation biologists.

    c) Educational program
    The educational program is well organized and covers the entire field of radiation oncology to enable residents to perform clinically relevant medical physics tasks. Components of the educational program include clinical rotation, lectures, and research. Clinical rotation includes machine quality assurance (QA), intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)/intensity-modulated radiosurgery (IMRS) QA, and treatment planning with external beam, brachytherapy, IMRT/IMRS, and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. The lecture program covers radiation physics, clinical anatomy, neoplasia, clinical radiation oncology, radiation protection, and radiation biology. Lectures on radiation physics are given in the first semester, while lectures on clinical radiation oncology and radiation biology are taught in the second semester. Research proposals should be submitted to the Program Director within 6 months of enrollment. Residents are encouraged to present their research at conferences, and to publish at least two papers in peer-reviewed international journals.

    d) Evaluation
    The Program Director continuously evaluates the educational progress and performance of all residents in written reports. The performance of residents is evaluated every 6 months using oral, written, or practical examinations, and the results are documented.

    e) Conferences
    Academy residents are required to attend selected conferences held by the hospital and individual departments of the National Cancer Center. Conferences focus on new patients, treatment planning, research strategies, journal review, physics, quality assurance, and cancer education.
    4. Coursework
  • a) Radiation physics
    Atomic and nuclear structure
    Radioactive decay
    Interactions of particulate radiation
    Production of X-rays
    High-energy treatments
    Interactions of X- and -rays
    Measurement of radiation exposure
    Radiation quality
    Measurement of absorbed dose
    Calibration of high-energy photon and electron beams
    Dose distribution of external beam therapy
    Dose distribution of sealed source therapy
    Computerized treatment planning
    Radiation protection

    b) Anatomy and physiology
    General structure and organization of the body
    Development of organ systems and physiology
    Tissue differentiation and carcinogenesis

    c) Clinical radiation oncology
    Introduction to cancer therapy
    Metastases
    Extent of disease
    Treatment of the primary disease
    Principles of radiotherapy
    Radiotherapy in special cases
    Oncologic emergency
    New radiotherapy modalities

    d) Radiation biology
    Physicochemical effects of ionizing radiation on cells
    Effects of radiation on macromolecules
    Subcellular effects of radiation
    Cellular radiation biology
    Radiobiology of tissues and organs
    Radiobiology in relation to radiation therapy
    Effects of environmental and occupational radiation
    5. Facilities
  • a) Treatment modalities
    Proton therapy systems: 3 (2 gantry, 1 fixed beam)
    Linear accelerators: 4
    Tomotherapy: 1
    High-dose-rate brachytherapy: 1
    Computed tomography simulators: 2
    Conventional simulator: 1

    b) Treatment planning systems
    Varian Eclipse
    Philips Pinnacle
    Brainlab Brainscan
    Nucletron Oncentra
    Prowess
    Tomotherapy

    c) Dosimetry tools
    Ion chambers
    Multi-layer ion chamber
    MatriXX
    1D/3D water phantoms
    Contact for the Medical Physics Academy
    : Se Byung Lee, Ph.D. (medphys@ncc.re.kr), Chief Medical Physicist
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